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Can AI Bridge the Gender Gap in Competitiveness?

Abstract
This paper employs an online real-effort experiment to investigate gender disparities in the selection of individuals into competitive working environments when assisted by artificial intelligence (AI). In contrast to previous research suggesting greater competitiveness among men our findings reveal that both genders are equally likely to compete in the presence of AI assistance. Surprisingly the introduction of AI eliminates an 11-percentage-point gender gap between men and women in our competitive scenario. We also discuss how the gender gap in tournament entry appears to be contingent on ChatGPT selection rather than being omnipresent. Notably 47% of female participants independently chose to utilize ChatGPT while 55% of males did the same. However when ChatGPT was offered by the experimenter-employer more than 53% of female participants opted for AI assistance compared to 57% of males in a gender-neutral online task. This shift prompts a reevaluation of gender gap trends in competition entry rates particularly as women increasingly embrace generative AI tools resulting in a boost in their confidence. We rule out differences in risk aversion. The discussion suggests that these behavioral patterns may have significant policy implications as the introduction of generative AI tools in the workplace can be leveraged to rectify gender disparities.
Authors
Evangelos Mourelatos Panagiotis Zervas Dimitris Lagios and Giannis Tzimas
Keywords
Gender differences ; ChatGPT ; Competition ; Economic experiments (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Rank
0.55
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Artificial Intelligence
Series
No 1404 GLO Discussion Paper Series from Global Labor Organization (GLO)
Time Added
2024/03/18 03:33
Total Downloads
0
Year Published
2024
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