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The promises of persistent homology machine learning and deep neural networks in topological data analysis of democracy survival

Abstract
Abstract This paper presents a new approach to survival analysis using topological data analysis (TDA) within Bayesian statistics combined with machine learning algorithms suitable to time-to-event data. The paper brings into the analysis aspects of topological invariance through what is known as persistence homology. TDA demonstrates the existence and statistical significance of a kind of unmeasured heterogeneity originating from the topology of the data as a whole. Combined with machine learning tools persistence homology provides us with new tools to construct a rich set of ways to analyze data and build predictive models that are optimized using inherent topological invariants such as one-dimensional loops as regularization. Specifically this paper incorporates persistent homology effects in different ways in the analysis of survival data through the technique of functional principal component analysis (FPCA): first by using topological invariants converted into FPCA factors that shape Bayesian statistical analysis of time-to-event data; second by using FPCA measures of topological invariants in regularizing the process of optimizing the data and the posterior distributions of the Bayesian estimation; three by using FPCA factors of measures of topological invariants in machine learning algorithms and deep neural networks suitable for analyzing survival data as a way of going beyond usual parametric and semi-parametric models of survival analysis. The approach is illustrat
Authors
Badredine Arfi Badredine Arfi: University of Florida
Keywords
Topological data analysis ; Persistent homology ; Machine learning ; Deep neural networks ; Bayesian multi-frailty survival analysis ; Democracy breakdown (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Rank
0.74
Search
Neural Networks
Series
Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology 2024 vol. 58 issue 2 No 31 1685-1727
Time Added
2024/03/18 03:34
Total Downloads
0
Year Published
2024
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